O'Neill School of Public and Environmental Affairs Works

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Now showing 1 - 10 of 376
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    How Foundations in an Aligned Action Network Start to Move to Equity in Philanthropy: Findings from a Year of Observations and Interviews
    (2023) Levine Daniel, Jamie; Dinh, Tuyen K.; Paarlberg, Laurie Ellen
    Community foundations across the United States hold a powerful role in leading meaningful social change toward an equitable future. Despite community foundations' unique leadership role at the intersection of place, race, wealth, and inequality, we understand little about how such foundations understand and implement efforts that are responsive to issues in their communities, especially communities that have been historically marginalized. This study examines how community foundations within an aligned action network are engaging in philanthropic efforts through their shared commitment to advancing social and economic mobility. Using data from interviews with foundation staff, network meeting observations, and network documents over the course of a year, we sought to answer three research questions: how community foundations define equity, what structures, processes, and activities were perceived as supporting their equity-related work, and how membership within NEON can help highlight these efforts. Findings illuminate a model of philanthropic efforts along two dimensions: foundation focus (internal and external) and expression type (implicit and explicit). This article unfolds the process within collaborative efforts among community foundations and offers insights for other foundations to better understand expectations and prepare for the conditions necessary to meaningfully engage in social equity and justice efforts, with internal and external community stakeholders.
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    Flocking to the Crowd: Cultural Entrepreneur Mobility Guided by Homophily, Market size, or Amenities?
    (Springer, 2021-12) Noonan, Douglas S.; Breznitz, Shiri M.; Maqbool, Sana; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
    Economic activity and innovation clusters in urban areas. Urban economics points to important knowledge and productivity spillovers in cities, in addition to other factors like thicker markets, lower transportation costs, and consumptive amenities. Yet thus far little work has analyzed how these different factors drive migration decisions of arts-related entrepreneurs, especially when they work in online platforms for fundraising. We use data on the largest US crowdfunding platform to identify relocating creators, allowing us to identify which kinds of regions are attracting and retaining more of this sort of talent. We test for the influence of clustering based on homophily, migration to larger markets, and relocation toward particular geographic amenities. Overall we find the strongest evidence for homophily and some distinct tendencies favoring certain regional amenities. Importantly, we both identify general relocation patterns among crowdfunding creatives and break down the attracting features for different types of creators. An examination of (net) migration by different categories of projects, such as musicians or filmmakers, reveals important heterogeneity in the attractors. For example, musicians are drawn stronger music sectors, while writers seek more isolation from other writers. This helps inform the interregional competition for talent and “creative class,” especially among a group of relatively footloose arts- and culture-intensive entrepreneurs.
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    Decision Making for Managing Community Flood Risks: Perspectives of United States Floodplain Managers
    (Springer, 2021-10) Tyler, Jenna; Sadiq, Abdul-Akeem; Noonan, Douglas S.; Entress, Rebecca M.; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
    To reduce flood losses, floodplain managers make decisions on how to effectively manage their community’s flood risks. While there is a growing body of research that examines how individuals and households make decisions to manage their flood risks, far less attention has been directed at understanding the decision-making processes for flood management at the community level. This study aimed to narrow this research gap by examining floodplain managers’ perceptions of the quality of their community’s flood management decision-making processes. Data gathered from interviews with 200 floodplain managers in the United States indicate that most floodplain managers perceive their community’s flood management decision-making processes to be good. The results also indicate that communities participating in the Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Community Rating System, as well as communities with a higher level of concern for flooding and a lower poverty rate, are significantly more likely to report better flood management decision-making processes.
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    Land Use and Crime
    (Oxford, 2017) Stucky, Thomas D.
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    Youth Involved in the Justice System: Emergency Department Screening and Health Promotion
    (Elsevier, 2021-09) Magee, Lauren A.; Aalsma, Matthew C.; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
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    Six Blind Men and One Elephant – Proposing an Integrative Framework to Advance Research and Practice in Justice Philanthropy
    (Journal of Public and Nonprofit Affairs, 2022) Paarlberg, Laurie E.; Walk, Marlene; Merritt, Cullen C.
    There are growing calls that philanthropic foundations across the globe can and should advance diversity, equity, inclusion, and justice. Initial evidence indicates that foundations have indeed responded as evidenced by pledges to change practice, increased funding for racial justice, and the emergence of new networks to support equity and justice. However, there is also great skepticism about whether the field of foundations are, in fact, able to make lasting changes given numerous critiques of philanthropy and its structural limitations. In this article, we summarize these critiques that suggest factors that make institutional philanthropy resistant to calls for equity and justice. We posit that a core obstacle is a lack of conceptual coherence within and across academic and practitioner literature about the meanings of terms and their implications for practice. Therefore, we propose a transdisciplinary conceptual framework of justice philanthropy that integrates the fragmented literature on justice-related aspects of philanthropy emerging from different disciplinary traditions such as ethics, political theory and political science, social movement theory, geography, public administration, and community development.
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    Reimagining economic development investment (2021): Policy implementation
    (Indiana University, 2021-11) Guevara, Tom; Chambers, Abbey; Klacik, Drew; Martin, Joti K.; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
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    COOK MEDICAL MANUFACTURING FACILITY Understanding and tracking impacts of the 38th Street and Sheridan Avenue community collaboration
    (2021) Chambers, Abbey; Guevara, Tom; Klacik, Drew; Martin, Joti K.; Miller, Candace; Rukes, Katie; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
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    Decarceration from Local County Jails during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Closer Look
    (Taylor & Francis, 2021-09) Martyn, Kevin P.; Andel, Stephanie A.; Stockman, M. Rhebeca N.; Grommon, Eric; School of Public and Environmental Affairs
    The COVID-19 pandemic initially compelled population reductions at local county jails. This study uses daily population counts at 970 jail facilities in 43 different U.S. states to; assess changes in jail population levels during 2020; relate those changes to the demographic, economic, and political characteristics of the counties where they took place; and examine the relationships between jail population levels and COVID-19 cases and deaths. Jail population data was gathered by the Jail Data Initiative at New York University and linked to other publicly accessible data collections. Through descriptive analyses and latent growth curve modeling, our findings indicate that while jail population levels generally fell in the early stages of the pandemic, they remained higher in areas with larger proportions of minoritized populations, and returned more rapidly to pre-pandemic levels in areas with larger proportions of Black and Republican-leaning residents. Larger pre-pandemic jail population rates were associated with elevated COVID-19 case and death rates during 2020, and changes in local jail population rates predicted case and death rates over a following three-month period. Specifically, each percentage increase in jail populations was associated with between 80.4 and 101.9 additional cases and 1.2 to 1.4 additional deaths per 10 K county residents.
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    Differences in Mortality Rates of Gunshot Victims: The Influence of Neighborhood Social Processes
    (Sage, 2021-09-24) Magee, Lauren A.
    Firearm violence is considered a public health crisis in the United States. Firearm violence spatially concentrates within neighborhoods and is associated with community factors; however, little is understood about the geographic differences in gunshot wound mortality and associated neighborhood social processes. Applying a public health approach through the Haddon’s Matrix, the results demonstrate systematic differences in social and physical features associated with gunshot mortality. These findings have important implications to improve neighborhood physical and social conditions, police transporting gunshot victims, and police-public health partnerships to improve data collection on nonfatal shootings and shots fired.