ItemSecondary Traumatic Stress and Public Child Welfare Workers’ Intention to Remain Employed in Child Welfare: The Interaction Effect of Job Functions(Routledge: Taylor and Francis Groups, 2023-09-28) Kim, Jangmin; Pierce, Barbara; Park, Tae KyungHigh exposure to Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) is a significant risk factor for public child welfare workers’ intention to remain employed in child welfare. This study examined whether the negative effect of STS differs by workers’ job functions by analyzing survey data collected from 1,053 public child welfare workers. STS was negatively associated with workers’ intention to remain. Furthermore, The negative impact of STS was greater among ongoing case managers than among assessment case managers. We conclude that child welfare organizations should develop trauma-informed policies and organizational support targeted to different patterns of STS by job functions. Keywords: secondary traumatic stress, job retention, job functions, public child welfare system Practice Points • Child welfare organizations should tailor organizational approaches to prevent STS and mitigate its negative consequences based on the different job functions of case managers, taking into consideration their unique challenges and needs. • Child welfare organizations should offer enhanced support to ongoing case managers due to their higher susceptibility to the adverse effects of STS. • Child welfare organizations should create physically and emotionally safe working environments that allow case managers to address their STS and improve their well-being. • Child welfare organizations should provide training to supervisors and other leaders to recognize the signs of STS and support their workers in managing their stress. ItemOrganizational justice and secondary traumatic stress among child welfare workers: The moderated mediation model(Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy (American Psychological Association), 2023-10-25) Kim, Jangmin; Choi, Mijin; Pierce, BarbaraObjective: Secondary Traumatic Stress (STS) is documented as a common occupational hazard among child welfare workers. We examined the moderated mediation effects of distributive, procedural, and interpersonal justice on child welfare workers’ STS. Method: We analyzed survey data collected from 1053 child welfare workers in a Midwestern state in 2018. Participants were asked to rate their STS and perceived organizational justice using valid scales. Hypotheses were tested using multiple regression and the PROCESS macro. Results: Distributive justice was a stronger factor associated with STS. The direct effect of procedural justice was not significant. However, it was associated indirectly with STS through distributive justice. Interpersonal justice was associated directly with STS. Furthermore, it moderated the association between distributive justice and STS. Conclusion: Findings suggest that the different types of organizational justice have different functions in reducing child welfare workers’ STS. This study can contribute to developing justice-oriented and trauma-informed organizations that prevent child welfare workers’ STS and reduce its negative effects on themselves, organizations, and children in the child welfare system. ItemEthnoracial Disparities in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Brief Report(Sage, 2023) Hong, Michin; Yi, Eun-Hye Grace; Kim, HaeJung; School of Social WorkDespite the well-identified vulnerability of older adults during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is unclear about their experiences with COVID-related posttraumatic stress disorder symptomology (COVID-PTSD). This study examined ethnoracial disparities in the level of, and factors associated with, COVID-PTSD using a national data set, including 1926 Whites and 488 ethnoracial minorities. Results showed that ethnoracial minorities reported a greater COVID-PTSD than Whites. COVID-related distress was the common risk factor of COVID-PTSD for the both groups. Being a female and greater social support were associated with COVID-PTSD only for Whites, whereas higher education, greater IADL and fewer ADL limitations were associated with COVID-PTSD for ethnoracial minorities. The findings provided preliminary, but generalizable understanding of ethnoracial disparities in COVID-PTSD, among the Medicare beneficiaries aged ≥65. Item"An Institution Can Have Good Intentions and Still Be Atrocious": Transgender and Gender Expansive Experiences in Social Work Education(WMU, 2023) Kinney, M. Killian; Cosgrove, Darren; Swafford, Tayon R.; Brandon-Friedman, Richard A.; School of Social WorkEducational settings have been found to be challenging arenas for transgender and gender expansive (TGE) youth and young adults due to misgendering, lack of affirming bathrooms, systemic exclusion (e.g., legal names and lack of inclusive gender identity demographic options), and frequent silence or avoidance related to TGE issues. Though studies of TGE adult experiences in higher education are emerging, most explore disaffirming experiences. Social work education focuses on diversity, equity, and inclusion, along with how to promote social justice, which suggests more affirming environments for TGE individuals. However, little is known about the experiences of TGE students and even less about faculty in social work education. To help fill this gap, the researchers interviewed 23 TGE social work students and faculty to explore their experiences of gender-related affirmation and challenges in social work educational programs. The findings from a thematic analysis identified examples of affirming and disaffirming experiences and recommendations for improving gender affirmation and inclusion in social work programs. Social work is in a strategic position to serve the needs and impact the social welfare of TGE individuals, starting with educational settings. ItemSocial work practice with Latinas/Latinos/Latinx(Oxford, 2022) Mariscal, E. Susana; Johnson-Motoyama , Michelle; Dettlaff, Alan J.; School of Social WorkEngaging in culturally sensitive social work practice with Latinx has never been more critical than it is in the current socio-political climate. This chapter provides an overview of Latinx social and demographic characteristics and a model for culturally sensitive social work practice that draws on decades of seminal work in the field of social work. ItemEnhancing the psychosocial and sexual well-being of gender-diverse young adults within a multidisciplinary clinic(Routledge, 2022-12-27) Brandon-Friedman, Richard A.; Heinz, Marissa “MJ”; School of Social WorkThis chapter focuses on meeting the psychosocial and sexual health needs of gender-diverse young adults through the provision of services within a university hospital-based gender health program. The case study involves a 19-year-old transfeminine youth who has begun the process of hormonal gender affirmation and is navigating the complex process of developing her identity as a transgender woman while exploring her personal, social, and sexual desires. Areas of biases related to care for gender-diverse patients as well as their interactions with others are covered as well. ItemI have to cope with it: The voices of older African immigrants experiencing social isolation and loneliness in the US(Oxford University Press, 2022-12-20) Adeniji , Dolapo; Ashirifi, Gifty; School of Social WorkSocial isolation and loneliness have been recognized as significant challenges in the world of older adults. For older African immigrants living with their families in the US, researchers have captured factors such as language barriers, cultural differences, and limited access to transportation to contribute their feelings of social isolation and loneliness. However, little is known about how they cope with these challenges. As the population of older African immigrants continues to increase in the US, it is pertinent to expand knowledge about their experiences for the purposes of social work practice and policy development. Using a qualitative approach, this study recruited and conducted in-depth interviews with 11 participants aged 63 -79. Four themes emerged from the data through a thematic analysis approach which includes a) Positive Self-talk: “I have to cope with it”, b) Technology/Social media: "if I cannot interact physically outside, then, I go through the social media”/Watch TV”, c) Intergenerational social engagement beyond caregiving: "They [grandchildren] are my immediate constituency”, and d) Digging deep through faith. Although the result of this study shows that older Africans immigrants are finding strategies to cope with social isolation and loneliness further support is needed specially to strengthen their coping skills and enhance their social network with people outside of their families. ItemInsights into the Social Determinants of Health in Older Adults(Scientific Research Publishing, 2022) Perez, Felipe P.; Perez, Carmen A.; Chumbiauca, Magali N.; School of Social WorkIn this paper, we review the social determinants of health in older adults and their complex interrelationship with medical diseases. Also, we provide recommendations to address these determinants in the integrated healthcare plan. The social determinants in older adults and its influence in health outcomes have been studied for decades. There is solid evidence for the interrelationship between social factors and the health of individuals and populations; however, these studies are unable to define their complex interrelatedness. Health is quite variable and depends on multiple biological and social factors such as genetics, country of origin, migrant status, etc. On the other hand, health status can affect social factors such as job or education. Addressing social determinants of health in the integrated healthcare plan is important for improving health outcomes and decreasing existing disparities in older adult health. We recommend a person-centered approach in which individualized interventions should be adopted by organizations to improve the health status of older adults at the national and global level. Some of our practical recommendations to better address the social determinants of health in clinical practice are EHR documentation strategies, screening tools, and the development of linkages to the world outside of the clinic and health system, including social services, community activities, collaborative work, and roles for insurance companies. ItemCompleting the Circle: Open Access to Translational Research and Scholarly Works(CUMU, 2023-09-18) Viehweg, Stephan; Odell, Jere D.; Polley, David E.; McLucas, NouriIUPUI’s Center for Translating Research Into Practice (TRIP) and IUPUI University Library (Library) developed a partnership to enhance community access to faculty scholarship resulting from community-engaged and translational research. Library staff archive the scholarship of faculty affiliated with TRIP in IUPUI ScholarWorks, the campus’s open access institutional repository. The TRIP Scholarly Works Program was launched in 2013 and outcomes include benefits for faculty authors (increased readership) and for a world of readers (free access). After almost 10 years in existence, Library and TRIP staff sought to evaluate the success of this program. A survey was distributed to TRIP affiliated faculty to assess the impact of open access to their scholarship on their work as community-engaged and translational scholars. Faculty participants report a variety of benefits and yet, also indicate a need for increased program communication and fewer barriers to participation.