Kelley School of Business (Indianapolis) Works

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    What I learned about change leadership from a remote village in Uganda
    (IU Kelley School of Business at IUPUI, 2022-06-27) Cagnet, Danette; Kelley School of Business
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    Aggregate Financial Misreporting and the Predictability of U.S. Recessions and GDP Growth
    (American Accounting Association, 2023-09-01) Beneish, Messod D.; Farber, David B.; Glendening, Matthew; Shaw, Kenneth W.; Kelley School of Business
    This study examines the incremental predictive power of aggregate measures of financial misreporting for recession and real gross domestic product (GDP) growth. We draw on prior research suggesting that misreporting has real economic effects because it represents misinformation on which firms base their investment, hiring, and production decisions. We find that aggregate M-Score incrementally predicts recessions at forecast horizons of five to eight quarters ahead. We also find that aggregate M-Score is significantly associated with lower future growth in real GDP, real investment, consumption, and industrial production. Additionally, our result that aggregate M-Score predicts lower real investment one to four quarters ahead partially accounts for why misreporting predicts recessions five to eight quarters ahead. Our findings are weaker when we use aggregate F-Score as a proxy for misreporting. Overall, this study provides novel evidence that aggregate misreporting measures can aid forecasters and regulators in predicting recessions and real GDP growth.
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    Nonverbals: What they see is what they hear
    (IBJ, 2022-09-16) Westerhaus-Renfrow, Charlotte; Kelley School of Business
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    Ensure that constructive feedback is truly constructive
    (IBJ, 2022-06-17) Westerhaus-Renfrow, Charlotte; Kelley School of Business
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    Assessing Intercultural Competence in The Digital World: Evidence from Virtual Exchange Experience in a Study Abroad Program
    (Frontiers, 2022-11-18) Zheng, Lin; Westerhaus-Renfrow, Charlotte; Lin, Stanley Zhiwei; Yang, Yifei; Kelley School of Business
    This study presents evidence of the impact of an innovative pedagogical practice that cultivates and develops the intercultural competence of undergraduate college students. 15 U.S. undergraduate students enrolled in a business study abroad course and 12 Chinese undergraduate students participated in a virtual student exchange project in spring 2019. Using global distance learning technology, the students collaborated on the project to provide a joint comprehensive investment recommendation report. A comparison of U.S. students’ Intercultural Effectiveness Scale scores at the beginning and end of the project revealed significant positive changes in their intercultural competence. Student self-evaluations and peer surveys confirmed improvement in students’ global mindset. Being one of the first studies to demonstrate student intercultural competence and learning through a virtual exchange experience, this study provides implications for study abroad and virtual global learning.
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    Increasing Inclusivity and Reducing Reactance During Provider-Patient Interactions
    (Sage, 2023-05) Shields, Lillianna; Stovall, Tony; Colby, Helen; Kelley School of Business
    Background Significant health disparities exist for trans and gender-nonconforming patients, in part caused by a reduced likelihood of seeking health care due to experienced discrimination in health care settings. Increasing inclusivity in patient-provider interactions can decrease barriers to care seeking for these patients, but such advice to providers must be simple to implement and account for potential backlash among certain patient subgroups. Methods In 3 studies, we use online samples to experimentally test patient reactions to 2 methods of provider inclusivity signaling: verbal sharing of the provider’s pronouns and request for the patient’s pronouns (a method frequently suggested in the literature) and the provider wearing a pin indicating their pronouns without verbal sharing or requesting that the patient share their pronouns. Results Study 1 finds that political orientation significantly moderated the effect of pronoun request on patient satisfaction with the visit, P = .003; satisfaction with the doctor, P = .003; and willingness to return to the provider, P = .007, with politically liberal participants being more satisfied and more likely to return when pronouns were requested and politically conservative participants less satisfied and less likely to return. Study 2 replicated these findings and demonstrated that such backlash among conservative participants did not occur when inclusivity was indicated via the provider wearing a pin indicating their pronouns. Study 3 showed that while pronoun pins may be subtle enough to not cause backlash, they are noticed by the target community and increase satisfaction and willingness to return among participants who identify as trans, nonbinary, and genderqueer. Limitations These studies were hypothetical scenario studies run online rather than field studies. Conclusions These results suggest that recommendations for increasing inclusivity should account for potential negative impacts on the practice from more politically conservative patients and that more subtle methods of indicating an inclusive health care environment are likely to be more implementable for practitioners in the field while still positively affecting the target population.
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    Physicians' flawed heuristics in the delivery room.
    (AAAS, 2021-10-15) Li, Meng; Colby, Helen; Kelley School of Business
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    Disciplining Role of Short Sellers: Evidence From M&A Activity
    (Sage, 2021-05) Shi, Wei; Ndofor, Hermann Achidi; Hoskisson, Robert E.; Kelley School of Business
    Prior research has focused on the influence of long investors (e.g., institutional investors) on merger-and-acquisition (M&A) decisions. This study investigates the role of short sellers in shaping managerial acquisitiveness and M&A decision quality. Short sellers impose a downward pressure on stock prices by disseminating negative information to the market. Given that managerial wealth and job security hinge on stock prices, top managers respond to increased short selling by refraining from excessive M&A activities because M&As could provide opportunities for short sellers to spread negative information and dampen stock prices. Furthermore, the negative influence of short sellers on managerial acquisitiveness is enhanced by the market for corporate control as an external governance mechanism and by CEO equity ownership as an internal governance mechanism. When firms with increasing short selling do engage in M&As, they gain higher M&A announcement returns and operating performance. We test our hypotheses using firms in the S&P 1500 from 2002 to 2014 and find support for our arguments.
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    Editorial Commentary: Addressing Confusion in the Diffusion of Archival Data Research
    (Wiley, 2021-07) Miller, Jason; Davis-Sramek, Beth; Fugate, Brian S.; Pagell, Mark; Flynn, Barbara B.; Kelley School of Business - Indianapolis
    Supply chain management researchers are increasingly using archival data to push boundaries of existing knowledge. Archival data provide opportunities to address new research questions and offer fresh perspectives on old questions. This editorial seeks to establish a common ground regarding research design, measurement validity, and endogeneity to help both authors and reviewers fully utilize archival data to advance supply chain management knowledge.
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    Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson forecast 2022
    (2021) Anderson, Kyle; Kelley School of Business - Indianapolis