Research: Recent submissions

  • Ivanovic, Mladen (2018)
    The process of registration of POs is rather smooth and simple. Any three (3) individuals or legal person, whether native or foreign, are free to establish a PO or to be a member of one. Persons without legal capacity (14 ...
  • Lee, Hyung-Jin (2018)
    The law permits individuals to act collectively through unregistered groups or organizations. However, groups have to register in order to apply for and receive grants from the government. Furthermore, in order to provide ...
  • Tiulegenov, Medet (2018)
    Registration of philanthropic organizations is legally governed by the Law on Non-commercial Organizations (1999). There is no restriction to form a PO and also in terms of the purpose of a PO. Basically, there are no ...
  • Alijaj, Mjellma Hapciu (2018)
    The legal framework guarantees the fundamental freedoms of expression, association, and peaceful assembly. However, in order to obtain legal status, organizations are required to register at the Office for Non-Governmental ...
  • Ho, Meng-Han (2018)
    There is no specialized nonprofit law in Taiwan. The term of nonprofit organizations (i.e. philanthropic organizations) is defined according to the Civil Law, the Civil Association Act, and other special regulations (e.g., ...
  • Chan, Kin-man (2018)
    There is no comprehensive ordinance or statute that applies to POs in Hong Kong (Bethke, 2016, p.26). The major relevant laws include the Companies Ordinance, the Societies Ordinance, and the Registered Trustees Incorporation ...
  • McGregor-Lowndes, Myles (2018)
    The federal, state, and territory laws of Australian jurisdictions permit individuals to act together through unregistered associations and organizations for lawful purposes. Each jurisdiction offers one or more forms of ...
  • Guluzade, Mahammad (2018)
    Freedom of association and assembly are guaranteed by the Constitution of 1995, and any person can establish a non-governmental organization in the form of either a public union or a foundation. Certain restrictions do, ...
  • Miloslavskaya, Daria (2018)
    The Constitution of the Russian Federation recognizes the right of individuals to form organizations (Article 30). The Federal Law No. 7-FZ “On Non-Commercial Organizations,” determines the characteristics of the civil-legal ...
  • Galstyan, Mariam (2018)
    According to the Article 28 of the Constitution of the Republic of Armenia (RA), “Everyone shall have the freedom of association with others, including the right to form and to join trade unions.” Referring to this ...
  • Mukashova, Janyl (2018)
    The Constitution states “Citizens of the Republic of Kazakhstan shall have the right to peacefully and without arms assemble, hold meetings, rallies and demonstrations, street processions and pickets” (Article 32). However, ...
  • Cordery, Carolyn (2018)
    An estimated 60% of POs in New Zealand are unincorporated. The law does not restrict their formation and operation. The remainder are either mainly Trusts (15%) or Incorporated Societies (20%). Some societies are incorporated ...
  • Dokuzovski, Branko (2018)
    Freedom of association, assembly, expression, and information are rights guaranteed in the Macedonian Constitution, and particularly in the Law of Associations and Foundations. This includes a guarantee that all individuals ...
  • Unknown author (2018)
    The registration process of philanthropic organizations is onerous and cumbersome. The new Charity Law (2016) establishes that in order to be registered as a charitable organization (foundation, social group or social ...
  • Hoxha, Juliana (2018)
    The freedom of individuals to established and/or participate in a philanthropic organization is a constitutional right. It is regulated further in primary and secondary legislations in Albania. The registration of POs is ...
  • Antic, Aleksandra Vesic (2018)
    The legal framework governing POs in Serbia is comprised of the Law on Associations and the Law on Endowments and Foundations. The Law on Associations permits the formation and operation of unregistered groups, but ...
  • Jankovic, Anto (2018)
    Individuals are free to form philanthropic organizations and are allowed to act collectively through unregistered groups, too. The registration process is clear and consistent, requiring a reasonable amount of time and ...
  • Yoshioka, Takayuki; Onishi, Tamaki (2018)
    In Japan, freedom of assembly, association, and expression are guaranteed under the Constitution, and there are many laws under which individuals can incorporate nonprofit organizations. The primary law for private foundations ...
  • Chavusau, Yury (2018)
    Public associations and foundations are the most appropriate legal forms for philanthropic purposes. However, registration of an association or foundation is time consuming and is more expensive than the registration of ...
  • Salamadze, Vazha; Latsabidze, Mariam; Avazashvili, Giorgi (2018)
    The legislation of Georgia stipulates two basic categories of legal entities—nonprofit legal entity and profit oriented legal entity. The legal form of a non-entrepreneurial (noncommercial) legal entity (NELE) comprises ...

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