Browsing Research by Title

Browsing Research by Title

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  • Antic, Aleksandra Vesic (2018)
    The legal framework governing POs in Serbia is comprised of the Law on Associations and the Law on Endowments and Foundations. The Law on Associations permits the formation and operation of unregistered groups, but ...
  • Tan, Eugene (2018)
    Individuals are free to form organizations, including POs, and there is generally little government interference with the types and purposes of such organizations during the formation process, save for those that relate ...
  • Strečanský, Boris (2018)
    The Constitution of the Slovak Republic guarantees the “right to associate with others in clubs, societies, or other associations” Article 29 (1) of the Consitution of the Slovak Republic, and in general, individuals can ...
  • Wyngaard, Ricardo (2018)
    South Africa has adopted and abides by the major treaties that protect the freedom of association, including, the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights, ...
  • Peñalosa-Esteban, Isabel (2018)
    Freedom of association is granted in the Constitution, Article 22. There are different requirements between the incorporation of foundations and associations. According to Article 8 of the Foundations Act (Ley de Fundaciones, ...
  • Vamstad, Johan (2018)
    There are no requirements to register POs in Sweden; anyone is free to start any kind of organization at any time. Organizations can choose to register with the tax authorities in order to receive an organization number ...
  • von Schnurbein, Georg (2018)
    Associations and foundations are the most common legal forms for nonprofits. Both can be set up by individuals without any government interference. For an association, registration is not mandatory and only two individuals ...
  • Ho, Meng-Han (2018)
    There is no specialized nonprofit law in Taiwan. The term of nonprofit organizations (i.e. philanthropic organizations) is defined according to the Civil Law, the Civil Association Act, and other special regulations (e.g., ...
  • Walwa, William John (2018)
    In Tanzania, the Non-Governmental Organizations Act (2002) is the main regulation for philanthropic organizations. Nongovernmental organizations are defined in the law as “a voluntary grouping of individuals or organization ...
  • Morshed, Mokbul (2018)
    Although small unregistered organizations operate in Thailand, like working groups, associations and foundations must be registered with the Thai Ministry of Interior and get government approval. According to McQuistan, ...
  • van Veen, Prof.Dr. Wino J.M. (2018)
    The formation of POs is free from governmental involvement and is considered to be an act of civil law. Registration with the Trade register is compulsory only for POs if they are incorporated by notarial deed. POs that ...
  • Ersen, Tevfik Basak; Varon, Liana; Tekmen, Hilal (2018)
    The legal framework only recognizes the formation of associations and foundations as legal entities. Other forms of collective action (e.g. initiatives, nonprofit companies, groups, networks) are not recognized and are not ...
  • Vinnikov, Oleksandr (2018)
    Ukraine is a unitary republic, and the legal procedures for POs incorporation are the same in all its jurisdictions. Associations, religious organizations and endowments that are not legal entities are allowed in Ukraine. ...
  • Unknown author (2018)
    UAE is a federal state. Emirates (states), especially Dubai and Sharjah, have separate laws. Article 33 of the Constitution of the UAE guarantees the freedom of assembly and association; however, philanthropic organizations ...
  • Morris, Debra (2018)
    Individuals may act collectively through unregistered groups and may pursue any legal purposes. Charities (a defined sub-set of POs) can only pursue a charitable purpose, which does not include political purposes. They are ...
  • Lenkowsky, Leslie (2018)
    Americans generally have a considerable degree of freedom in forming POs, including Constitutional protection of “freedom of association.” People wishing to act collectively do not need to obtain legal recognition in ...
  • Pousadela, Inés (2018)
    Individuals in Uruguay are free to form organizations, and there are no restrictions on the types or purposes of philanthropic organizations, as long as they are not-for-profit. The country, however, lacks a unified legal ...
  • Carrillo, Marcos (2018)
    The Constitution recognizes the right of freedom of assembly, political participation, freedom of expression, and a number of other human rights protecting POs and their members. Likewise, the law establishes the means to ...
  • Vu, Anh Ngoc (2018)
    In Vietnam, there is a grid of laws, regulations and administrative decrees put in place to regulate and control associations. Most of these legal documents were created in ad-hoc ways, meaning that they were issued simply ...
  • Mswelanto, Thulani (2018)
    The Zimbabwe government makes it difficult to register philanthropic organizations. Because of this, a considerable number of philanthropic organizations in the governance and human rights sector operate without being ...

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