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A retrospective analysis of comorbid traits affecting feeding in infants with Down syndrome

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Title: A retrospective analysis of comorbid traits affecting feeding in infants with Down syndrome
Author: Duvall, Nichole L.
Advisor: Roper, Randall J.
Marrs, Kathleen A.
Chernoff, Ellen
Degree: M.S.
Degree Year: 2011
Department: Department of Biology
Grantor: Purdue University
Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/1805/2839
Abstract: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common aneuploidy to affect humans and occurs in approximately 1 of 750 live births. Individuals with DS present with a wide range of clinical phenotypes. Common craniofacial phenotypic expressions include a small mandible, protruding tongue, and a flattened nasal bridge. These traits may affect the feeding, breathing, and swallowing of individuals with DS. Because some complications may go unnoticed for longer periods of time, we hypothesize that significant cardiac and GI defects may be indicative of feeding and airway difficulties. In order to better understand the secondary phenotypes resulting from DS, we have implemented a retrospective chart review of 137 infants between zero and six months of age who were evaluated through the Down Syndrome Program at Riley Hospital for Children from August 2005 to August 2008. Data regarding cardiac, gastrointestinal, endocrine, airway, auditory, and feeding abnormalities have been collected and incedences and comorbidites of these traits has been examined. Comprehensive results indicate cardiac abnormalities occur in 80% of infants, 60% experience gastrointestinal complications, feeding difficulties occur in 46%, and airway complications occur in 38% of infants. Infants with DS were found to be breastfed less over time, with an increase in tube feeds. Notably, we have found all infants with videofluoroscopic evaluations had some type of dysphagia. The presence of gastrointestinal abnormalities closely correlate with the need for tube feeds, and the comorbidity between GI anomalies and muscle tone appear to indicate the likelihood of feeding difficulties and need for altered feeding strategies. Comorbidities between feeding difficulties were nearly significant with cardiac defects and significant with GI abnormalities. Identification of such associations will help healthcare providers determine the best course of treatment and recommended feeding methodology for infants with DS. In order to utilize an in vitro model to study the craniofacial dysmorphologies seen in individuals with DS, cranial neural crest cells (NC) have been cultured. With these, we have begun to investigate the mechanisms behind a smaller trisomic mandibular precursor as compared to the euploid. With this in vitro model, we will be able to test proliferation, migration, and senescence of NC in a culture system.
Keywords: Down syndrome, correlation study, neural crest
LC Subject: Down syndrome -- Research
Human chromosome abnormalities
Child development
Developmentally disabled children -- Nutrition
Down syndrome -- Pathophysiology
Down syndrome -- Patients -- Medical care
Date: 2012-07-03
Description: Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)
Appears in Collections: Biology Department Theses and Dissertations


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