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Degree:
Ph.D.

Degree Year:
2010

Department:
Physics

Grantor:
Purdue University

Permanent Link:
http://hdl.handle.net/1805/2779

Keywords:
exciton condensation

LC Subjects:
Exciton theory ; Bound states (Quantum mechanics) ; Space

Date:
2012-03-20

In this thesis, we focus on two broad categories of problems, exciton condensation and bound states, and two complimentary approaches, real and momentum space, to solve these problems. In chapter 2 we begin by developing the self-consistent mean field equations, in momentum space, used to calculate exciton condensation in semiconductor heterostructures/double quantum wells and graphene. In the double quantum well case, where we have one layer containing electrons and the other layer with holes separated by a distance $d$, we extend the analytical solution to the two dimensional hydrogen atom in order to provide a semi-quantitative measure of when a system of excitons can be considered dilute. Next we focus on the problem of electron-electron screening, using the random phase approximation, in double layer graphene. The literature contains calculations showing that when screening is not taken into account the temperature at which excitons in double layer graphene condense is approximately room temperature. Also in the literature is a calculation showing that under certain assumptions the transition temperature is approximately \unit{mK}. The essential result is that the condensate is exponentially suppressed by the number of electron species in the system. Our mean field calculations show that the condensate, is in fact, not exponentially suppressed.
Next, in chapter 3, we show the use of momentum space to solve the Schr\"{o}dinger equation for a class of potentials that are not usually a part of a quantum mechanics courses. Our approach avoids the typical pitfalls that exist when one tries to discretize the real space Schr\"{o}dinger equation. This technique widens the number of problems that can presented in an introductory quantum mechanics course while at the same time, because of the ease of its implementation, provides a simple introduction to numerical techniques and programming in general to students. We have furthered this idea by creating a modular program that allows students to choose the potential they wish to solve for while abstracting away the details of how the solution is found.
In chapter 4 we revisit the single exciton and exciton condensation in double layer graphene problems through the use of real space lattice models. In the first section, we once again develop the equations needed to solve the problem of exciton condensation in a double layer graphene system. In addition to this we show that by using this technique, we find that for a non-interacting system with a finite non-zero tunneling between the layers that the on-site exciton density is proportional to the tunneling amplitude. The second section returns to the single exciton problem. In agreement with our momentum space calculations, we find that as the layer separation distance is increased the bound state wave function broadens. Finally, an interesting consequence of the lattice model is explored briefly. We show that for a system containing an electron in a periodic potential, there exists a bound state for both an attractive as well as repulsive potential. The bound state for the repulsive potential has as its energy $-E_0$ where $E_0$ is the ground state energy of the attractive potential with the same strength.

Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)