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Clinical Educators' Adoption of Socioculturally-Based Teaching Strategies

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Title: Clinical Educators' Adoption of Socioculturally-Based Teaching Strategies
Author: Phillips, Janet Martha
Advisor: Ironside, Pamela
McDaniel, Anna
Degree: Ph.D.
Department: School of Nursing
Grantor: Indiana University
Permanent Link: http://hdl.handle.net/1805/1902
Abstract: Nursing education is faced with addressing the challenge of educational reform as a result of the rapid changes in the complexity of health care delivery systems, increased technology and biomedical knowledge, a shortage in nursing faculty, and increased enrollment in schools of nursing. Although national nursing organizations have called for reform and innovation in nursing education little is known about the factors that are related to educators’ adoption of such changes. The purpose of this descriptive, exploratory, correlational, survey study was to explore the adoption of socioculturally-based teaching strategies (SCBTS) by examining the following variables in relation to their adoption using Everett Rogers’ diffusion of innovations model: (a) clinical nurse educators’ perceived characteristics of SCBTS, (b) clinical nurse educators’ perceived organizational support for innovation, and (c) selected demographic characteristics. Minimal research has been conducted regarding the factors related to clinical nurse educators’ adoption of SCBTS, which may better prepare nurse graduates for today’s health care system. Findings from this study suggest that adoption is not straightforward, but the perceived characteristics of teaching strategies play an important role in the clinical nurse educator’s decision to adopt or not adopt SCBTS. Rogers’ model was partially supported based on the findings that clinical nurse educators were more likely to adopt a teaching strategy if it was perceived to be advantageous, compatible, and not too complex. On the other hand, clinical nurse educators were more likely not to adopt teaching strategies that they must “try out” or that must be observable by others, which was not supportive of Rogers’ model. Adopters of SCBTS were more experienced clinical educators who felt supported by their academic organizations in terms of innovation; however organizational support for innovations was not associated with adoption of the teaching strategies. Holding a certificate in a nursing specialty, the type of program in which the educator taught, and the age of the educator were not associated with the adoption of SCBTS. Future research using Rogers’ model or other appropriate models is called for to further explore the adoption of SCBTS by clinical nurse educators.
Keywords: clinical nursing education
teaching strategies
diffusion of innovations
Sociocultural theory
perceived organizational support
organizational climate
LC Subject: Nursing -- Study and teaching -- Methodology
Corporate culture
Date: 2009-06-24
Description: Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI)
Appears in Collections: Nursing School Theses, Dissertations, and Doctoral Papers


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