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ItemAnalysis of mothers’ perceptions affecting eating habits of young children with/without disabilities: A machine learning method(Kyobo, 2022) Park, So-young; Hong, Saahoon; Yoon, Cynthia; School of Social WorkThe purpose of this study was to confirm the mothers perceptions of the influence of eating habits of young children with/without disabilities. Through a survey study, the intersection between factors affecting understanding of baby food, practice of weaning food, and children's current eating habits was analyzed using a machine learning-based decision tree approach. Results indicate that, first, there was a significant difference in understanding of weaning foods between mothers of children with and without disabilities. The late timing of weaning foods was associated with an unbalanced diet and overeating. Second, there was a significant difference in the breastfeeding pattern before transitioning to baby foods in mothers of disabled infants and non-disabled infants. Before weaning, mothers of infants with disabilities were more likely to feed formula or a mixture of milk and formula. Third, the mother's job status during the weaning period showed a significant intersection with the current number of snacks, the preparation of weaning food, and the types of preferred snacks of the disabled infants. Discussion includes the need for diet education and related supports systematically for mothers of infants/children with disabilities. ItemDo Service Dogs Improve Safety and Quality of Life in Children with Disabilities?(Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, 2014-04-11) Wilson, Jessica; Cullen, DeborahAlthough the use of service dogs is not a new concept, the practice of service dog intervention to improve safety and quality of life is relatively novel. Research studies have described that service dogs aided a decrease in overall arousal and enhanced a dramatic increase in expressive language for a child with autism. Notably children were more focused and attentive as well as laughed more after dog sessions. Since the sample sizes of service dog studies are small, a meta-synthesis of research articles relating to dogs assistance for safety and improvement in quality of life for disabled children was conducted. The purpose of doing a meta-synthesis is to explore studies with the same phenomenon of interest and compare and contrast the findings while describing the phenomenon. A rigorous methodological protocol was used for this meta-synthesis as described by the Joanna Briggs Institute. The online software Narrative Opinion Text Assessment and Review Instrument (NOTARI) developed by the Joanna Briggs Institute permitted the authors to evaluate and engage with 22 studies to determine quality, credibility and outcomes. Findings, in the form of themes, are entered with an illustration of the participants’ voice. These themes were further evaluated and aggregated to represent an interpretive meta-synthesis. One meta-synthesized theme found across the research was improved family quality of life. This is illustrated, for example, as dog-calming and promoting less problematic behavior as well as decrease in the stress response allowing the child body to relax. A second meta-synthesized theme of safety emerged as dogs are tethered to the children with autism to keep them from bolting. Parents felt that the child was safe with the service dog by the child’s side. These findings have robust clinical recommendations which may significantly impact families and disabled children.