Browsing by Subject "Marion County, Indiana"
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ItemAddressing Homelessness in Marion County: Policy Considerations and Recommendations(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy, 2022-08-16) Bow, Brendan; Lawrence, Roxy; Eckert, MarissaIn July of 2022, the Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy—in collaboration with the Coalition for Homelessness Intervention and Prevention—released a brief describing the findings of the 2022 Marion County Point-in-Time (PIT) Count. In this follow-up report, researchers compared Indianapolis to four similar cities—Charlotte, North Carolina; Columbus, Ohio; Fort Worth, Texas; and Nashville, Tennessee—to examine homeless populations. This report also examines factors affecting homelessness in Marion County. Those include a dwindling housing/rental market combined with rising housing/rental costs, specific laws and ordinances that criminalize homelessness, recent increases in youth homelessness, and a lack of facilities and support systems to house and help those experiencing homelessness. ItemBlack death rates from COVID-19 in Marion County (2020)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2020-04) Merritt, BreancaCOVID-19 has resulted in a disproportionate number of deaths among black, Hispanic/Latinx, and indigenous Americans across the nation. Where data is available for various states and cities, these groups consistently experience worse outcomes. This trend holds true for Indiana’s black residents. On April 13, 2020, the Indiana State Department of Health began including racial/ethnic demographics of diagnosed cases and deaths in its online dashboard. On that date, black Hoosiers comprised about 10 percent of Indiana’s population, but 20 percent of COVID-19 deaths. This brief looks beyond differences in racial health disparities to understand the structural and social sources for these trends. ItemEviction trends in Marion County (2010-2016)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2019-05) Merritt, Breanca; Stringham-Marquis, Kelsie; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Gibson, KrystalIndianapolis ranks 14th in eviction rates among large U.S. cities for which data is available. An eviction is when a tenant is removed from a landlord’s property, either through the court system (formal) or outside of the court system (informal). Evictions and forced relocation can lead to housing instability and homelessness for families and individuals, as well as a loss of community resources, such as neighborhood connections and transportation. Indiana has several state laws and local ordinances governing evictions and landlord-tenant relationships. However, Indiana remains one of eight states that does not protect tenants against landlord retaliation. Indiana evictions occur at the township level, adding another layer of jurisdiction for this process. Given the complexity and implications of the eviction process, this report uses research conducted in partnership with the Coalition for Homelessness and Intervention and Prevention (CHIP) to examine what eviction-related trends exist in Marion County. ItemHomelessness in Indianapolis: 2020 Marion County Point-in-Time Count(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2020-08) Stringham-Marquis, Kelsie; Bow, Brendan; Lucas, Bailee; Purcell, JacobIn partnership with Coalition for Homelessness Intervention and Prevention (CHIP) and other local organizations, CRISP helped to coordinate and conduct the annual PIT count in Marion County. The report documents the number of individuals experiencing homelessness on a single night in January 2020. The report also highlights key findings and takeaways in order to inform policymaking and service provision for individuals experiencing homelessness. ItemHomelessness in Indianapolis: 2021 Marion County Point-in-Time Count(Center for Research on Inclusion & Social Policy, 2021-07) Stringham-Marquis, Kelsie; Bowling, ElizabethFor more than a decade, PPI and the Coalition for Homelessness Intervention and Prevention have collaborated with local organizations to conduct Marion County’s annual Point-in-Time (PIT) Count. As mandated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, the PIT Count reports the number of people experiencing homelessness on a single night in January. The policy brief highlights key findings and takeaways from the 2021 PIT Count to inform policy decisions and service provision. ItemHomelessness in Indianapolis: 2022 Marion County Point-in-Time Count(Center for Research on Inclusion & Social Policy, 2022-07-21) Bow, Brendan; Beebe, Gwen; Arun, Nidhi; Cope, Jacquelynn; Lawrence, Roxy; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Gibson, Amy; Eckert, MarissaFor more than a decade, the IU Public Policy Institute (PPI) and the Coalition for Homelessness Intervention and Prevention (CHIP) have collaborated with local organizations to conduct Marion County’s annual Point-in-Time (PIT) Count. As mandated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the PIT Count reports the number of people experiencing homelessness on a single night in January. This report highlights key findings and takeaways from the PIT Count to inform policy decisions and service provision. ItemHomeownership & home values among Black neighborhoods in Marion County (2018)(2020-02) Merritt, Breanca; Peña, Rachell; Bow, Brendan; Purcell, Jacob; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Yang, ElleA 2018 report from the Brookings Institute found that homes in majority-black neighborhoods in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson metro area were valued at $18,000 less than those in similar—yet not predominately black—neighborhoods. This follows a national trend in which homes in black neighborhoods were undervalued by $48,000 on average. In fact, in 117 of the 119 metro areas included in the Brookings report, a home in a majority-black neighborhood was valued less than those in other neighborhoods. These areas also are more likely to be more segregated and provide fewer upward mobility opportunities for black residents. This brief examines trends in black homeownership specifically for Marion County. ItemHousing instability in Marion County: evictions before & during COVID-19(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy, 2021-02) Martyn, Kevin; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Merritt, Breanca; Stringham-Marquis, KelsieThe COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted housing instability as a major public health issue. Some of the primary measures used to curb the spread of COVID-19, such as shelter-in-place orders and physical distancing requirements, depend upon having access to private spaces and—in particular—safe and stable housing. Meanwhile, a recent estimate from New America found that more than 5 million people in the United States experience eviction or foreclosure each year. While federal and state measures have offered some relief to residents, there is still a predicted wave of evictions on the horizon, especially for those not living in federally funded housing. With an eye to the predicted wave of evictions, this brief examines the recent history of evictions in Marion County, Indiana. We provide a baseline assessment of the pre-pandemic status quo of evictions, as well as an assessment of the gaps in data and their implications for how trends in evictions are interpreted locally. ItemIdentifying Unreported Opioid Deaths Through Toxicology Data and Vital Records Linkage: Case Study in Marion County, Indiana, 2011–2016(American Public Health Association, 2018-12) Lowder, Evan M.; Ray, Bradley R.; Huynh, Philip; Ballew, Alfarena; Watson, Dennis P.; School of Public and Environmental AffairsObjectives. To demonstrate the severity of undercounting opioid-involved deaths in a local jurisdiction with a high proportion of unspecified accidental poisoning deaths. Methods. We matched toxicology data to vital records for all accidental poisoning deaths (n = 1238) in Marion County, Indiana, from January 2011 to December 2016. From vital records, we coded cases as opioid involved, specified other substance, or unspecified. We extracted toxicology data on opioid substances for unspecified cases, and we have reported corrected estimates of opioid-involved deaths after accounting for toxicology findings. Results. Over a 6-year period, 57.7% of accidental overdose deaths were unspecified and 34.2% involved opioids. Toxicology data showed that 86.8% of unspecified cases tested positive for an opioid. Inclusion of toxicology results more than doubled the proportion of opioid-involved deaths, from 34.2% to 86.0%. Conclusions. Local jurisdictions may be undercounting opioid-involved overdose deaths to a considerable degree. Toxicology data can improve accuracy in identifying opioid-involved overdose deaths. Public Health Implications. Mandatory toxicology testing and enhanced training for local coroners on standards for death certificate reporting are needed to improve the accuracy of local monitoring of opioid-involved accidental overdose deaths. ItemInclusive growth in Indianapolis: a framework for equitable economic growth(Center for Research on Inclusion & Social Policy, 2021-08) Holcomb, Chris; Arun, Nidhi; Camacho Reyes, KarlaSince 2017, the Indy Chamber has worked with Brookings Institute and other partners to assess Indianapolis’ progress on achieving inclusive economic growth. They found that while the area’s job growth exceeded national trends in recent years, the city was falling short in wage growth and providing high-quality jobs and services. Given this context, this brief introduces a new data-driven framework for measuring inclusive growth and applies it to Indianapolis to track the city’s progress on these goals. It identifies significant challenges facing communities of color in the city and outlines key recommendations for policy makers to consider as they work to foster economic inclusion.