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ItemA health research agenda guided by migratory and seasonal farmworkers and the providers who serve them(Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI), 2018-11) Holmes, Cheryl; Levy, Michelle; Mariscal, E. SusanaThis document shares the results of an almost two-year process to create a health research agenda specific to migratory and seasonal farmworkers. The purpose was to better understand what health outcomes are important to farmworkers in two Midwestern states and identify research and information gaps. A key strategy in accomplishing this work was not only to engage farmworkers in addition to providers, researchers and various other administrators but to do so in an active, direct and frequent manner, thus highlighting and elevating their voices and perspectives. This document is organized in that spirit. ItemAdvanced Virtual Manufacturing Lab for Research, Training, & Education(Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, 2010-04-09) El-Mounayri, HazimThe research formed a base for innovative technology that was used to develop a product on its way to commercialization. The new product provides effective and integrated tool for training and education in advanced manufacturing. It is based on sound e-learning pedagogy and highly effective and integrated virtual reality learning environment. ItemAesthetic Inquiry into Chinese University Student Fatherly Life Lessons: “Roots” and their Implications for Educational Contexts(2017-04-07) Liu, Laura B.; Education, IUPUCGlobally, teachers are trained to educate and assess children through matrices based on comparative competition, a practice that thrives on ranking. In an era of glocalization, how might educational systems cultivate classroom connections embracing diverse student gifts? This arts-based narrative inquiry explores fatherly life lessons of 17 undergraduate and six graduate students enrolled in an introductory qualitative research course at a large urban Chinese university. Building on the course instructor's model, students engaged in arts-based narrative inquiry to develop children's books on treasured fatherly life lessons that they then shared with second grade students at a local Chinese school. Drawing upon the "Confucian Analects" and Laozi's "Tao Te Ching," this study evidences empathy as rooted across cultures and ecologies, and that many fatherly life lessons take place in natural settings. This study encourages teacher education practice and research to engage arts-based autobiographical inquiry, and to explore empathy conceptualizations and expressions across cultures and ecologies. As "glocalization" brings together diverse groups, this work is important to create shared spaces for international connection and meaningful inter-institutional explorations. ItemAlternatives to Animal Use in Research, Testing, and Education(U.S. Government Printing Office, 1986-02) Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. CongressIn this assessment, OTA analyzes the scientific, regulatory, economic, legal, and ethical considerations involved in alternative technologies in biomedical and behavioral research, toxicity testing, and education. Included is a detailed examination of Federal, State, and institutional regulation of animal use, and a review of recent developments in 10 other countries. The report was requested by Sen. Orrin Hatch, Chairman of the Senate Committee on Labor and Human Resources. ItemAntimicrobial Stewardship Training for Infectious Diseases Fellows: Program Directors Identify a Curriculum Need(Oxford University Press, 2018-04-16) Luther, Vera P.; Shnekendorf, Rachel; Abbo, Lilian M.; Advani, Sonali; Armstrong, Wendy S.; Barsoumian, Alice E.; Beeler, Cole B.; Bystritsky, Rachel; Cherabuddi, Kartikeya; Cohen, Seth; Hamilton, Keith W.; Ince, Dilek; Justo, Julie Ann; Logan, Ashleigh; Lynch, John B., III; Nori, Priya; Ohl, Christopher A.; Patel, Payal K.; Pottinger, Paul S.; Schwartz, Brian S.; Stack, Conor; Zhou, Yuan; Medicine, School of MedicineA needs assessment survey of infectious diseases (ID) training program directors identified gaps in educational resources for training and evaluating ID fellows in antimicrobial stewardship. An Infectious Diseases Society of America-sponsored core curriculum was developed to address that need. ItemArchive as Pedagogy: Oral History and a Journal of the Plague Year(SAGE Publishing, 2020-12-18) Kelly, Jason M.; Horan, John; American Studies, School of Liberal ArtsIn March 2020, the COVID-19 Oral History Project, based at Indiana University Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI), teamed up with A Journal of the Plague Year: An Archive of COVID-19 (JOTPY), based at Arizona State University to create and curate a series of oral histories focused on the lived experience of the pandemic. Among the results of this collaboration has been a focus on research-based pedagogy and learning for undergraduate students, graduate students, and the public at large. This pedagogical emphasis has both shaped the archive and has been shaped by the process of developing the archive. ItemAspects of Unbuntu for International Research Ethics(IU Center for Bioethics, 2013-04-18) Mwase, Isaac M. T. ItemAn Assessment of the Fidelity of Two Different Interventions to Improve Adherence to Glaucoma Treatment in Patients of African Descent(Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, 2015-04-17) Idowu, Eniola; Bigatti, Silvia M.; Racette, LyneGlaucoma is a chronic eye disease, which is asymptomatic and can slowly lead to blindness if left untreated. Glaucoma is caused by damage to the optic nerve and can lead to irreversible loss of sight. The overall objective of this MURI study was to determine the impact of two different interventions on compliance to glaucoma medication in patients of African descent with open-angle glaucoma. Two types of intervention were used – Education and Motivational Interviewing (MI). The educational intervention involved sharing knowledge with patients about glaucoma, its causes, and its treatments, to help patients better understand glaucoma and the importance of adhering to the daily medication regimen. The MI intervention involved communicating with the patients and encouraging them to identify strategies that would help them better adhere to their medications. These sessions were video-recorded and the content of each video was transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were then scored to assess the fidelity of each session with the intervention type that was given; this was done to ensure that each patient in the MI group received intervention consistent with MI, and that each patient in the Education group received an intervention free of MI. The standard Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity 3.0 coding sheet was used to code the MI and Education sessions. Global ratings were given for empathy, direction, collaboration, evocation and autonomy/support on a scale ranging from 1 (Low) to 5 (High). The following behaviors were counted within each transcript: giving information, MI adherent (asking permission, affirm, emphasize control, support), MI Non-adherent (advise, confront, direct), questions (closed questions, open questions), and reflections (simple, complex). We expect that the MI interventions would have significantly higher scores on MI adherent behaviors and significantly lower on MI-non-adherent behaviors compared to the Education session. ItemThe Association of Early Life Factors and Declining Incidence Rates of Dementia in an Elderly Population of African Americans(Oxford University Press, 2018-04-16) Hendrie, Hugh C.; Smith-Gamble, Valerie; Lane, Kathleen A.; Purnell, Christianna; Clark, Daniel O.; Gao, Sujuan; Psychiatry, School of MedicineObjectives: To explore the possible association of childhood residence, education levels, and occupation with declining incidence rates of dementia in 2 cohorts of elderly African Americans. Methods: African Americans residing in Indianapolis without dementia were enrolled in 1992 and 2001 and evaluated every 2-3 years. The cohorts consist of 1,440 participants in 1992 and 1,835 participants in 2001 aged 70 years and older. Cox proportional hazard regression models were used to compare cohort differences in dementia and Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk. Results: The 2001 cohort had significantly decreased risk of both incident dementia and AD (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.62/0.57 for dementia/AD). Years of education was associated with decreased risk of dementia (HR = 0.93; p = .0011). A significant interaction (p = .0477) between education and childhood rural residence was found for the risk of AD that higher education level is significantly associated with reduced AD risk (HR = 0.87) in participants with childhood rural residence, but no association in those with urban upbringing. The cohort difference for dementia rates were attenuated by adjusting for the 3 risk factors but remained significant (HR = 0.75; p = .04). Discussion: These results emphasize the importance of early life factors including rural residence and education for the risk for dementia later in life. ItemAt-risk students in middle school: Engagement before disengagement(2009-02) Gentle-Genitty, Carolyn