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ItemBias crimes charges in the United States: bias homicides in the U.S. between 1990 and 2016(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2019-03) Beckman, Wyatt; Buran, SamanthaThe Indiana General Assembly introduced 10 bills related to bias (or hate) crimes in the 2019 session. Indiana is 1 of 5 states in the U.S. without a bias crimes statute. The 10 bills are similar in that each of them allows for a criminal penalty enhancement for bias crimes offenses. Penalty enhancement statutes enable courts to impose a longer sentence if the predicate crime—the underlying crime committed by an offender—is proven to have been motivated by bias as defined by the particular statute. Marginalized communities are convicted of predicate crimes at higher rates. Given that racial disparities also exist within sentencing decisions for equal crimes, there is evidence of discretion within the legal process that disproportionately (and negatively) impacts marginalized groups. The following brief presents an objective analysis of bias homicide charges in the U.S. with the goal of understanding possible policy implications of Indiana’s proposed bias crimes legislation. ItemEviction trends in Marion County (2010-2016)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2019-05) Merritt, Breanca; Stringham-Marquis, Kelsie; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Gibson, KrystalIndianapolis ranks 14th in eviction rates among large U.S. cities for which data is available. An eviction is when a tenant is removed from a landlord’s property, either through the court system (formal) or outside of the court system (informal). Evictions and forced relocation can lead to housing instability and homelessness for families and individuals, as well as a loss of community resources, such as neighborhood connections and transportation. Indiana has several state laws and local ordinances governing evictions and landlord-tenant relationships. However, Indiana remains one of eight states that does not protect tenants against landlord retaliation. Indiana evictions occur at the township level, adding another layer of jurisdiction for this process. Given the complexity and implications of the eviction process, this report uses research conducted in partnership with the Coalition for Homelessness and Intervention and Prevention (CHIP) to examine what eviction-related trends exist in Marion County. ItemRental trends in Marion County (2012–2017)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2019-10) Merritt, Breanca; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Yang, Elle; Stringham-Marquis, KelsieThe availability of affordable housing is a predictor of homelessness, especially among renters. Increasing the availability and quality of affordable housing—particularly rentals—is a common strategy to prevent housing instability and eviction. In Marion County, 46 percent of households are renter-occupied—higher than both the state (31 percent) and national rates (36 percent). Given the relatively large renter population in Marion County, this brief examines two trends related to housing instability among renters—rent burden and stagnant income—and how those trends may be informed by other issues. ItemHomeownership & home values among Black neighborhoods in Marion County (2018)(2020-02) Merritt, Breanca; Peña, Rachell; Bow, Brendan; Purcell, Jacob; Camacho-Reyes, Karla; Yang, ElleA 2018 report from the Brookings Institute found that homes in majority-black neighborhoods in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson metro area were valued at $18,000 less than those in similar—yet not predominately black—neighborhoods. This follows a national trend in which homes in black neighborhoods were undervalued by $48,000 on average. In fact, in 117 of the 119 metro areas included in the Brookings report, a home in a majority-black neighborhood was valued less than those in other neighborhoods. These areas also are more likely to be more segregated and provide fewer upward mobility opportunities for black residents. This brief examines trends in black homeownership specifically for Marion County. ItemBlack death rates from COVID-19 in Marion County (2020)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2020-04) Merritt, BreancaCOVID-19 has resulted in a disproportionate number of deaths among black, Hispanic/Latinx, and indigenous Americans across the nation. Where data is available for various states and cities, these groups consistently experience worse outcomes. This trend holds true for Indiana’s black residents. On April 13, 2020, the Indiana State Department of Health began including racial/ethnic demographics of diagnosed cases and deaths in its online dashboard. On that date, black Hoosiers comprised about 10 percent of Indiana’s population, but 20 percent of COVID-19 deaths. This brief looks beyond differences in racial health disparities to understand the structural and social sources for these trends. ItemImmigration policy & COVID-19 (2020)(Center for Research on Inclusion and Social Policy at IU, 2020-07) Lawrence, Roxy; Yang, Elle; Merritt, BreancaOn February 24, 2020, Congress passed the Public Charge Grounds Inadmissibility legislation, also known as the public charge rule. The rule allows the federal government to determine whether a person is likely to become a public charge—a noncitizen who receives public benefits for the total of any 12 months during a 36-month period. These benefits include cash assistance that supplements individual or household income, such as Supplemental Security Income (SSI) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), among other sources. Adopting the public charge rule a month before the COVID-19 pandemic began may have compromised the collective health and economic security of immigrant populations already living in the U.S. and Indiana. Executive orders have also closed nonessential businesses that disproportionately hire immigrants. Therefore, this brief examines the initial implications of the public charge rule on low-income immigrants during the COVID-19 pandemic. ItemSubstance abuse, mental health, & crime on Indianapolis’ Near Eastside(2020-08) Bowling, Elizabeth; Purcell, Jacob; Lawrence, Roxy; Stringham-Marquis, Kelsie; Merritt, Breanca; Martyn, KevinCRISP partnered with the John Boner Neighborhood Centers to identify core drivers of crime in a study area on the Near Eastside of Indianapolis. The study area has higher incidents of overall, property, and violent crime compared to the rest of the city. This brief explores the association between drug use, mental health disorders, and crime in the CBCR area.