- Browse by Author
Browsing by Author "Zhang, Yanping"
Now showing 1 - 7 of 7
Results Per Page
ItemAcute Cannabinoids Produce Robust Anxiety-Like and Locomotor Effects in Mice, but Long-Term Consequences Are Age- and Sex-Dependent(Frontiers Media, 2019-02-20) Kasten, Chelsea R.; Zhang, Yanping; Boehm, Stephen L., II; Department of Psychology, School of ScienceThe rise in cannabinoid legalization and decriminalization in the US has been paired with an increase in adolescents that perceive marijuana as a "no risk" drug. However, a comprehensive review of human literature indicates that cannabinoid usage may have both beneficial and detrimental effects, with adolescent exposure being a critical window for harming cognitive development. Although the cannabinoids Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are often used together for recreational and medical purposes, no study has previously observed the acute and long-lasting effects of THC+CBD in a battery of behavioral assays analogous to subjective human reports. The current study observed the acute and long-term effects of THC, CBD, and THC+CBD on object recognition memory, anxiety-like behavior, and activity levels in adolescent and adult mice of both sexes. Acute THC alone and in combination with CBD resulted in robust effects on anxiety-like and locomotor behavior. A history of repeated cannabinoid treatment followed by a period without drug administration resulted in minimal effects in these behavioral assays. Most notably, the strongest effects of repeated cannabinoid treatment were seen in adult females administered THC+CBD, which significantly impaired their object recognition. No effects of repeated cannabinoid history were present on hippocampal protein expression. These studies represent a detailed examination of age- and sex-effects of acute and repeated cannabinoid administration. However, the acute and long-term effects of THC with and without CBD on additional behaviors in adolescents and adults will need to be examined for a more complete picture of these drug effects. ItemAssessment of Acute Motor Effects and Tolerance Following Self‐Administration of Alcohol and Edible ∆9‐Tetrahydrocannabinol in Adolescent Male Mice(Wiley, 2019-11) Smoker, Michael P.; Hernandez, Maribel; Zhang, Yanping; Boehm, Stephen L., II; Psychology, School of ScienceBackground Cannabinoids and their principle psychoactive target, the cannabinoid type 1 receptor (CB1R), impact a number of alcohol‐related properties, and although alcohol and cannabis are often co‐used, particularly in adolescence, few animal models of this phenomenon exist. We modeled the co‐use of alcohol and ∆9‐tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in adolescent mice using ingestive methods popular during this developmental period in humans, namely binge‐drinking and edible THC. With this model, we assessed levels of use, acute effects, and tolerance to each substance. Methods Adolescent male C57BL/6J mice had daily, limited access to 1 of 2 edible doughs (THC or control), to 1 of 2 fluids (ethanol (EtOH) or water), and in 1 of 2 orders (dough–fluid or fluid–dough). Home cage locomotor activity was recorded both during access and after access. On the day following the final access session, a subset of mice were assessed for functional and metabolic tolerance to alcohol using accelerating rotarod and blood EtOH concentrations, respectively. The remaining mice were assessed for tolerance to THC‐induced hypothermia, and whole‐brain CB1R expression was assessed in all mice. Results EtOH intake was on par with levels previously reported in adolescent mice. Edible THC was well‐consumed, but consumption decreased at the highest dose provided. Locomotor activity increased following EtOH intake and decreased following edible THC consumption, and edible THC increased fluid intake in general. The use of alcohol produced neither functional nor metabolic tolerance to an alcohol challenge. However, the use of edible THC impaired subsequent drug‐free rotarod performance and was associated with a reduction in THC's hypothermic effect. Conclusions Adolescent mice self‐administered both alcohol and edible THC to a degree sufficient to acutely impact locomotor activity. However, only edible THC consumption had lasting effects during short‐term abstinence. Thus, this adolescent co‐use model could be used to explore sex differences in self‐administration and the impact substance co‐use might have on other domains such as mood and cognition. ItemIntra-dorsolateral striatal AMPA receptor antagonism reduces binge-like alcohol drinking in male and female C57BL/6J mice(Elsevier, 2022) Bauer, Meredith R.; McVey, Megan M.; Germano, Damon M.; Zhang, Yanping; Boehm, Stephen L., II; Psychology, School of ScienceThe dorsolateral striatum (DLS) is involved in addiction, reward, and alcohol related behaviors. The DLS primarily receives excitatory inputs which are gated by post-synaptic AMPA receptors. We antagonized AMPA receptors in the DLS to investigate how such modulation affects binge-like alcohol drinking in male and female C57BL/6J mice and whether an associated alcohol drinking history alters dorsomedial striatum (DMS) and DLS AMPA receptor expression. We also investigated the effect of intra-DLS NBQX on locomotor activity and saccharin drinking in mice. Mice were allowed free access to 20% alcohol for two hours each day for a total of seven days. Mice received an intra-DLS infusion of one of four concentrations of NBQX (saline, 0.15, 0.5, or 1.5 μg/side), an AMPA receptor antagonist, immediately prior to alcohol access on day 7. Two-hour binge alcohol intakes, locomotor activity, and blood alcohol concentrations were determined. Intra-DLS NBQX reduced binge-like alcohol drinking in a U-shaped manner in male and female mice. Intake predicted blood alcohol concentration, and locomotor activity was not affected. In a follow up experiment, we assessed whether the most effective NBQX concentration for reducing alcohol consumption also reduced saccharin drinking, finding intra-DLS NBQX did not alter saccharin drinking in male and female mice. These data suggest that AMPA receptors in the DLS play a role in the modulation of binge-like alcohol drinking. These findings further validate the importance of the DLS for alcohol related behaviors and alcohol use disorder. ItemLow-level developmental lead exposure does not predispose to adult alcohol self-administration, but does increase the risk of relapsing to alcohol seeking in mice: Contrasting role of GLT1 and xCT brain expression(Elsevier, 2020-12-15) Rangel-Barajas, Claudia; Coronel, Israel; Zhang, Yanping; Hernández, Maribel; Boehm, Stephen L., II; Psychology, School of ScienceLead (Pb) is a neurotoxic heavy metal pollutant. Despite the efforts to reduce Pb environmental exposure and to prevent Pb poisoning, exposure in human populations persists. Studies of adults with history of childhood lead exposure have consistently demonstrated cognitive impairments that have been associated with sustained glutamate signaling. Additionally, some clinical studies have also found correlations between Pb exposure and increased proclivity to drug addiction. Thus, here we sought to investigate if developmental Pb exposure can increase propensity to alcohol consumption and relapse using an alcohol self-administration paradigm. Because Pb exposure is associated with increased glutamatergic tone, we also studied the effects on the expression of synaptic and non-synaptic glutamate transporters in brain regions associated with drug addiction such as the nucleus accumbens (NAc), dorsomedial striatum (DMS), dorsolateral striatum (DLS), and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). We found that while developmental Pb exposure did not increase risk for alcohol self-administration, it did play a role in relapsing to alcohol. The effects were associated with differential expression of the glutamate transporter 1 (GLT1) and the glutamate/cystine antiporter (xCT). In the NAc and DLS the expression of GLT1 was found to be significantly reduced, while no changes were found in DMS or mPFC. Contrastingly, xCT was found to be upregulated in NAc but downregulated in DLS, with no changes in DMS or mPFC. Our data suggest that lead exposure is involved in relapse to alcohol seeking, an effect that could be associated with downregulation of GLT1 and xCT in the DLS. ItemShort-Term Genetic Selection for Adolescent Locomotor Sensitivity to Delta9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)(Springer Nature, 2018-05) Kasten, Chelsea R.; Zhang, Yanping; Mackie, Ken; Boehm, Stephen L., II; Psychology, School of ScienceCannabis use is linked to positive and negative outcomes. Identifying genetic targets of susceptibility to the negative effects of cannabinoid use is of growing importance. The current study sought to complete short-term selective breeding for adolescent sensitivity and resistance to the locomotor effects of a single 10 mg/kg THC dose in the open field. Selection for THC-locomotor sensitivity was moderately heritable, with the greatest estimates of heritability seen in females from the F2 to S3 generations. Selection for locomotor sensitivity also resulted in increased anxiety-like activity in the open field. These results are the first to indicate that adolescent THC-locomotor sensitivity can be influenced via selective breeding. Development of lines with a genetic predisposition for THC-sensitivity or resistance to locomotor effects allow for investigation of risk factors, differences in consequences of THC use, identification of correlated behavioral responses, and detection of genetic targets that may contribute to heightened cannabinoid sensitivity. ItemSignaling to p53: ribosomal proteins find their way(Elsevier B.V., 2009-11-03) Zhang, Yanping; Lu, Hua; Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, IU School of MedicineInherently disparate cell growth and division, which are intimately coupled through a delicate network of intracellular and extracellular signaling, require ribosomal biogenesis. A number of events imparting instability to ribosomal biogenesis can cause nucleolar stress. In response to this stress, several ribosomal proteins bind to MDM2 and block MDM2-mediated p53 ubiquitination and degradation, resulting in p53-dependent cell cycle arrest. By doing so, the ribosomal proteins play a crucial role in connecting deregulated cell growth with inhibition of cell division. The ribosomal protein-MDM2-p53 signaling pathway provides a molecular switch that may constitute a surveillance network monitoring the integrity of ribosomal biogenesis. ItemTargeting Prostate Cancer with Conditionally Replicative Adenovirus Using PSMA Enhancer(ScienceDirect, 2004-12-01) Lee, Sang-Jin; Zhang, Yanping; Lee, Sang Don; Jung, Chaeyong; Li, Xiong; Kim, Hong-Sup; Bae, Kyung-Hee; Jeng, Meei-Huey; Kao, Chinghai; Gardner, Thomas; Urology, School of MedicineProstate cancer is the second most commonly diagnosed cancer in men and accounts for significant mortality and morbidity in the United States. Initially androgen-dependent, prostate cancer ultimately becomes androgen-independent, which makes the disease extremely difficult to cure. In this study, we examined the use of conditionally replication-competent adenovirus for the treatment of hormone-independent prostate cancer. We utilized PSME, an enhancer element for prostate-specific PSMA expression, to control viral E1A protein expression and achieve exclusive virus replication in prostate. Western blotting confirmed that PSME mediated high E1A protein expression in PSMA-positive, androgen-independent prostate cancer cells (C4-2 and CWR22rv), but was much less active in PSMA-negative cancer cells (PC-3 and A549). Consistent with E1A protein expression, the recombinant adenovirus Ad5-PSME-E1a replicated in C4-2 and CWR22rv almost as efficiently as wild type with low levels of androgen, but its replication was significantly attenuated in PSMA-negative cells. In the in vitro killing assay, Ad5-PSME-E1a lysed all C4-2 and CWR22rv cells 5 days after infection, with minimal effect on PSMA-negative cells. In addition, injections of 1.7 × 108 plaque-forming units in a CWR22rv xenograft model in nude mice induced significant tumor growth delay, with a substantial necrotic area. These studies suggest that PSME-driven replication-competent adenovirus may be a new therapeutic modality for prostate cancer patients after hormone ablation therapy.