Browsing by Author "White, James R."
Now showing 1 - 2 of 2
Results Per Page
ItemBacterial-Driven Inflammation and Mutant BRAF Expression Combine to Promote Murine Colon Tumorigenesis That Is Sensitive to Immune Checkpoint Therapy(American Association for Cancer Research, 2021) DeStefano Shields, Christina E.; White, James R.; Chung, Liam; Wenzel, Alyssa; Hicks, Jessica L.; Tam, Ada J.; Chan, June L.; Dejea, Christine M.; Fan, Hongni; Michel, John; Maiuri, Ashley R.; Sriramkumar, Shruthi; Podicheti, Ram; Rusch, Douglas B.; Wang, Hao; De Marzo, Angelo M.; Besharati, Sepideh; Anders, Robert A.; Baylin, Stephen B.; O’Hagan, Heather M.; Housseau, Franck; Sears, Cynthia L.; Medical and Molecular Genetics, School of MedicineColorectal cancer is multifaceted, with subtypes defined by genetic, histologic, and immunologic features that are potentially influenced by inflammation, mutagens, and/or microbiota. Colorectal cancers with activating mutations in BRAF are associated with distinct clinical characteristics, although the pathogenesis is not well understood. The Wnt-driven multiple intestinal neoplasia (MinApcΔ716/+) enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) murine model is characterized by IL17-dependent, distal colon adenomas. Herein, we report that the addition of the BRAF V600E mutation to this model results in the emergence of a distinct locus of midcolon tumors. In ETBF-colonized BRAF V600E Lgr5 CreMin (BLM) mice, tumors have similarities to human BRAF V600E tumors, including histology, CpG island DNA hypermethylation, and immune signatures. In comparison to Min ETBF tumors, BLM ETBF tumors are infiltrated by CD8+ T cells, express IFNγ signatures, and are sensitive to anti-PD-L1 treatment. These results provide direct evidence for critical roles of host genetic and microbiota interactions in colorectal cancer pathogenesis and sensitivity to immunotherapy. SIGNIFICANCE: Colorectal cancers with BRAF mutations have distinct characteristics. We present evidence of specific colorectal cancer gene-microbial interactions in which colonization with toxigenic bacteria drives tumorigenesis in BRAF V600E Lgr5 CreMin mice, wherein tumors phenocopy aspects of human BRAF-mutated tumors and have a distinct IFNγ-dominant immune microenvironment uniquely responsive to immune checkpoint blockade. ItemTough Decisions: Defending the Homeland(2010) Foley, William A., Jr.; White, James R.; Boyne, ShawnProduced by WFYI, in partnership with the Indiana University School of Law - Indianapolis and the IU School of Public and Environmental Affairs. Tough Decisions: Defending the Homeland takes viewers behind-the-scenes at a groundbreaking simulation of terrorism event. The exercise forces a new generation of global leaders to develop innovative counter-terrorism tactics and strategies in order to disrupt terrorist activities, while restoring public safety and maintaining First Amendment rights. Viewable at https://iu.mediaspace.kaltura.com/media/Tough+Decision.mp4/1_slb6dra5