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Browsing by Author "March, Keith L."
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ItemAdipose stem cell secretome markedly improves rodent heart and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocyte recovery from cardioplegic transport solution exposure(Oxford University Press, 2021) Ellis, Bradley W.; Traktuev, Dmitry O.; Merfeld-Clauss, Stephanie; Can, U. Isik; Wang, Meijing; Bergeron, Ray; Zorlutuna, Pinar; March, Keith L.; Surgery, School of MedicineHeart transplantation is a life-saving therapy for end-stage organ failure. Organ deterioration during transportation limits storage to 4 hours, limiting hearts available. Approaches ameliorating organ damage could increase the number of hearts acceptable for transplantation. Prior studies show that adipose-derived stem/stromal cell secretome (ASC-S) rescues tissues from postischemic damage in vivo. This study tested whether ASC-S preserved the function of mouse hearts and human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iCM) exposed to organ transportation and transplantation conditions. Hearts were subjected to cold University of Wisconsin (UW) cardioplegic solution ± ASC-S for 6 hours followed by analysis using the Langendorff technique. In parallel, the effects of ASC-S on the recovery of iCM from UW solution were examined when provided either during or after cold cardioplegia. Exposure of hearts and iCM to UW deteriorated contractile activity and caused cell apoptosis, worsening in iCM as a function of exposure time; these were ameliorated by augmenting with ASC-S. Silencing of superoxide dismutase 3 and catalase expression prior to secretome generation compromised the ASC-S cardiomyocyte-protective effects. In this study, a novel in vitro iCM model was developed to complement a rodent heart model in assessing efficacy of approaches to improve cardiac preservation. ASC-S displays strong cardioprotective activity on iCM either with or following cold cardioplegia. This effect is associated with ASC-S-mediated cellular clearance of reactive oxygen species. The effect of ASC-S on the temporal recovery of iCM function supports the possibility of lengthening heart storage by augmenting cardioplegic transport solution with ASC-S, expanding the pool of hearts for transplantation. ItemAdipose-derived Stem Cell Conditioned Media Extends Survival time of a mouse model of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis(Nature Publishing Group, 2015-11-20) Fontanilla, Christine V.; Gu, Huiying; Liu, Qingpeng; Zhu, Timothy Z.; Johnstone, Brian H.; March, Keith L.; Pascuzzi, Robert M.; Farlow, Martin R.; Du, Yansheng; Department of Neurology, IU School of MedicineAdipose stromal cells (ASC) secrete various trophic factors that assist in the protection of neurons in a variety of neuronal death models. In this study, we tested the effects of human ASC conditional medium (ASC-CM) in human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) transgenic mouse model expressing mutant superoxide dismutase (SOD1(G93A)). Treating symptomatic SOD1(G93A) mice with ASC-CM significantly increased post-onset survival time and lifespan. Moreover, SOD1(G93A) mice given ASC-CM treatment showed high motor neuron counts, less activation of microglia and astrocytes at an early symptomatic stage in the spinal cords under immunohistochemical analysis. SOD1(G93A) mice treated with ASC-CM for 7 days showed reduced levels of phosphorylated p38 (pp38) in the spinal cord, a mitogen-activated protein kinase that is involved in both inflammation and neuronal death. Additionally, the levels of α-II spectrin in spinal cords were also inhibited in SOD1(G93A) mice treated with ASC-CM for 3 days. Interestingly, nerve growth factor (NGF), a neurotrophic factor found in ASC-CM, played a significant role in the protection of neurodegeneration inSOD1(G93A) mouse. These results indicate that ASC-CM has the potential to develop into a novel and effective therapeutic treatment for ALS. ItemAdipose-derived stem cell conditioned medium impacts asymptomatic peripheral neuromuscular denervation in the mutant superoxide dismutase (G93A) transgenic mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis(IOS, 2018-09) Walker, Chandler L.; Meadows, Rena M.; Merfeld-Clauss, Stephanie; Du, Yansheng; March, Keith L.; Jones, Kathryn J.; Biomedical Sciences and Comprehensive Care, School of DentistryBackground:Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is devastating, leading to paralysis and death. Disease onset begins pre-symptomatically through spinal motor neuron (MN) axon die-back from musculature at ∼47 days of age in the mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (mSOD1G93A) transgenic ALS mouse model. This period may be optimal to assess potential therapies. We previously demonstrated that post-symptomatic adipose-derived stem cell conditioned medium (ASC-CM) treatment is neuroprotective in mSOD1G93A mice. We hypothesized that early disease onset treatment could ameliorate neuromuscular junction (NMJ) disruption. Objective:To determine whether pre-symptom administration of ASC-CM prevents early NMJ disconnection. Methods:We confirmed the NMJ denervation time course in mSOD1G93A mice using co-labeling of neurofilament and post-synaptic acetylcholine receptors (AchR) by α-bungarotoxin. We determined whether ASC-CM ameliorates early NMJ loss in mSOD1G93A mice by systemically administering 200μl ASC-CM or vehicle medium daily from post-natal days 35 to 47 and quantifying intact NMJs through co-labeling of neurofilament and synaptophysin with α-bungarotoxin in gastrocnemius muscle. Results:Intact NMJs were significantly decreased in 47 day old mSOD1G93A mice (p < 0.05), and daily systemic ASC-CM prevented disease-induced NMJ denervation compared to vehicle treated mice (p < 0.05). Conclusions:Our results lay the foundation for testing the long-term neurological benefits of systemic ASC-CM therapy in the mSOD1G93A mouse model of ALS. ItemADIPOSE-DERIVED STROMAL CELLS PROMOTE SURVIVAL OF ENDOTHELIAL CELLS AND KERATINOCYTES IN WOUND HEALING MODEL(Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research, 2012-04-13) Knowles, Kellen A.; Traktuev, Dmitry; March, Keith L.Burn wounds are a significant medical challenge today. Current treat-ment includes the use of skin grafts or wound healing scaffolds to protect the wound and promote healing. However, pre-existing conditions and fac-tors such as smoking can compromise normal healing thru decreased growth factor production, prolonged inflammation, tissue hypoxia, reduced cellular migration and ECM deposition, and impaired revascularization, making the wound more susceptible to infection. Adult pluripotent cells have been proposed as a therapy for multiple dis-orders because they have been shown to decrease inflammation and pro-mote host tissue preservation and angiogenesis. Adipose-derived stromal cells (ASC) are a population of mesenchymal, pluripotent cells derived from adipose tissue. Compared to bone marrow derived MSC, ASC can be easily obtained thru minimally invasive procedures. It has been shown in previous studies that ASC improved wound closure in normal and diabetic mice and stimulated proliferation of human dermal fibroblasts, increasing the epitheli-alization of cutaneous wounds. The next challenge is to find a clinically relevant cell-delivery method. In light of this, we propose the use of current clinical wound healing scaf-folds as a delivery vehicle for ASC in combination with endothelial cell (EC) and keratinocytes. We hypothesize that that ASC will promote keratinocyte and EC survival (both are used clinically), thus promoting epithelialization and neovascularization of graft. The use of ASC, EPC and keratinocytes in combination with wound healing scaffolds currently used by physicians, such as Integra is a novel combination and will provide a faster transition to clinic if it is found to be efficacious. Our lab has shown that ASC promote survival of EC on Integra and sup-port the formation of vascular-like cord structures. Factors secreted by ASC promote keratinocytes ingrowth in a wound closure assay. Keratinocytes also showed increased survival when cultured with ASC. ItemAllogeneic Mesenchymal Cell Therapy in Anthracycline-Induced Cardiomyopathy Heart Failure Patients(Elsevier, 2020-11) Bolli, Roberto; Perin, Emerson C.; Willerson, James T.; Yang, Phillip C.; Traverse, Jay H.; Henry, Timothy D.; Pepine, Carl J.; Mitrani, Raul D.; Hare, Joshua M.; Murphy, Michael P.; March, Keith L.; Ikram, Sohail; Lee, David P.; O’Brien, Connor; Durand, Jean-Bernard; Miller, Kathy; Lima, Joao A.; Ostovaneh, Mohammad R.; Ambale-Venkatesh, Bharath; Gee, Adrian P.; Richman, Sara; Taylor, Doris A.; Sayre, Shelly L.; Bettencourt, Judy; Vojvodic, Rachel W.; Cohen, Michelle L.; Simpson, Lara M.; Lai, Dejian; Aguilar, David; Loghin, Catalin; Moyé, Lem; Ebert, Ray F.; Davis, Barry R.; Simari, Robert D.; Surgery, School of MedicineBackground: Anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy (AIC) may be irreversible with a poor prognosis, disproportionately affecting women and young adults. Administration of allogeneic bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (allo-MSCs) is a promising approach to heart failure (HF) treatment. Objectives: SENECA (Stem Cell Injection in Cancer Survivors) was a phase 1 study of allo-MSCs in AIC. Methods: Cancer survivors with chronic AIC (mean age 56.6 years; 68% women; NT-proBNP 1,426 pg/ml; 6 enrolled in an open-label, lead-in phase and 31 subjects randomized 1:1) received 1 × 108 allo-MSCs or vehicle transendocardially. Primary objectives were safety and feasibility. Secondary efficacy measures included cardiac function and structure measured by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), functional capacity, quality of life (Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire), and biomarkers. Results: A total of 97% of subjects underwent successful study product injections; all allo-MSC-assigned subjects received the target dose of cells. Follow-up visits were well-attended (92%) with successful collection of endpoints in 94% at the 1-year visit. Although 58% of subjects had non-CMR compatible devices, CMR endpoints were successfully collected in 84% of subjects imaged at 1 year. No new tumors were reported. There were no significant differences between allo-MSC and vehicle groups with regard to clinical outcomes. Secondary measures included 6-min walk test (p = 0.056) and Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire score (p = 0.048), which tended to favor the allo-MSC group. Conclusions: In this first-in-human study of cell therapy in patients with AIC, transendocardial administration of allo-MSCs appears safe and feasible, and CMR was successfully performed in the majority of the HF patients with devices. This study lays the groundwork for phase 2 trials aimed at assessing efficacy of cell therapy in patients with AIC. ItemBone marrow- or adipose-mesenchymal stromal cell secretome preserves myocardial transcriptome profile and ameliorates cardiac damage following ex vivo cold storage(Elsevier, 2022) Scott, Susan R.; March, Keith L.; Wang, I-Wen; Singh, Kanhaiya; Liu, Jianyun; Turrentin, Mark; Sen, Chandan K.; Wang, Meijing; Surgery, School of MedicineBackground: Heart transplantation, a life-saving approach for patients with end-stage heart disease, is limited by shortage of donor organs. While prolonged storage provides more organs, it increases the extent of ischemia. Therefore, we seek to understand molecular mechanisms underlying pathophysiological changes of donor hearts during prolonged storage. Additionally, considering mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-derived paracrine protection, we aim to test if MSC secretome preserves myocardial transcriptome profile and whether MSC secretome from a certain source provides the optimal protection in donor hearts during cold storage. Methods and results: Isolated mouse hearts were divided into: no cold storage (control), 6 h cold storage (6 h-I), 6 h-I + conditioned media from bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSC CM), and 6 h-I + adipose-MSC CM (Ad-MSC CM). Deep RNA sequencing analysis revealed that compared to control, 6 h-I led to 266 differentially expressed genes, many of which were implicated in modulating mitochondrial performance, oxidative stress response, myocardial function, and apoptosis. BM-MSC CM and Ad-MSC CM restored these gene expression towards control. They also improved 6 h-I-induced myocardial functional depression, reduced inflammatory cytokine production, decreased apoptosis, and reduced myocardial H2O2. However, neither MSC-exosomes nor exosome-depleted CM recapitulated MSC CM-ameliorated apoptosis and CM-improved mitochondrial preservation during cold ischemia. Knockdown of Per2 by specific siRNA abolished MSC CM-mediated these protective effects in cardiomyocytes following 6 h cold storage. Conclusions: Our results demonstrated that using MSC secretome (BM-MSCs and Ad-MSCs) during prolonged cold storage confers preservation of the normal transcriptional "fingerprint", and reduces donor heart damage. MSC-released soluble factors and exosomes may synergistically act for donor heart protection. ItemDamaging effects of cigarette smoke on organs and stem/progenitor cells and the restorative potential of cell therapy(2017-06-23) Barwinska, Daria; March, Keith L.; Basile, David P.; Broxmeyer, Hal; Clauss, Matthias; Traktuev, Dmitry O.Cigarette smoking (CS) continues to be a significant modifiable factor contributing to a variety of diseases including cardiovascular, pulmonary and renal pathologies. It was suggested that smoking have detrimental effect of the body’s progenitor cells of bone marrow and peripheral organs. Since the concept of cell therapy that utilizes adipose stem/stromal cells (ASC) is gaining momentum it becomes critical to assess the therapeutic activities of the progenitors isolated from smokers. This study has revealed that CS negatively impacts the vasculogenic potential of ASC, in vitro, as well as weakening their therapeutic activity in vivo when tested in mouse model of hindlimb ischemia. We hypothesized that the decrease in vasculogenic activity of ASC is attributed to a higher level of expression of an angiostatic factor Activin A by ASC from CS donors. These findings clearly suggest that smokers should be evaluated for potential exclusion from early clinical trials of autologous cell therapies, or assessed as a separate cohort. The donor’s health status should be considered when choosing between autologous vs allogeneic cell therapies. We then examined the effect of CS on development of kidney pathology in mice. CS exposure led to decrease in kidney weights, capillary rarefaction, and cortical blood perfusion, and in parallel led to increase in kidney fibrosis and iron deposition. Interestingly, infusion of healthy ASC to the mice following CSexposure reversed CS-induced damages. This strongly support the notion that ASC-based therapy may provide rejuvenation effect. In the other subset of studies, we hypothesized that CS-induced lung emphysematous changes are preceded by suppression of bone marrow (BM) hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPC). We have revealed that intermittent BM mobilization with AMD3100 may mitigate the CS-induced myelo-suppression and deterioration of lung function and morphology. We observed that treatment of mice with AMD3100, while exposed to CS, preserves HPC at the levels of healthy control mice. Furthermore, AMD3100 treatment preserved lung parenchyma from pathological changes. These data suggest that while CS has a myelo-suppressive effect, administration of AMD3100 preserved BM-HPC and ameliorated lung damage. ItemDr. Sonia Skarlatos-leader, colleague, and friend: from vascular biology to gene therapy and the Cardiovascular Cell Therapy research network(Mary Ann Liebert, 2013-11) March, Keith L.; Medicine, School of MedicineIt is indeed a daunting task to write a memorial essay, to be able to relate to others the essence of a life with great impact. I write in remembrance of Sonia Skarlatos, PhD, who died after a short and valiant fight with cancer, following a life lived as a unique leader in a long and ongoing fight against cardiovascular disease. I write both as a member of the Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research network, which Sonia pioneered, and also as an individual scientist who has shared with Sonia a parallel evolution of professional interests. Perhaps the best light I can shine on her professional and personal excellence is through my own stories about Sonia and our interactions over the past 20 years. I hope and believe that these anecdotes will evoke special memories and will resonate with many scientists and colleagues of Dr. Skarlatos. I am sure that each will have their own memory of her distinctive warmth and thoughtfulness. She artfully mixed these traits with her deep scientific understanding and profound desire to help advance our present knowledge of science into a future realization of clinical improvements. ItemElectroacupuncture Promotes Central Nervous System-Dependent Release of Mesenchymal Stem Cells(Wiley, 2017-05) Salazar, Tatiana E.; Richardson, Matthew R.; Beli, Eleni; Ripsch, Matthew S.; George, John; Kim, Youngsook; Duan, Yaqian; Moldovan, Leni; Yan, Yuanqing; Bhatwadekar, Ashay; Jadhav, Vaishnavi; Smith, Jared A.; McGorray, Susan; Bertone, Alicia L.; Traktuev, Dmitri O.; March, Keith L.; Colon-Perez, Luis M.; Avin, Keith; Sims, Emily; Mund, Julie A.; Case, Jamie; Deng, Shaolin; Kim, Min Su; McDavitt, Bruce; Boulton, Michael E.; Thinschmidt, Jeffrey; Calzi, Sergio Li; Fitz, Stephanie D.; Fuchs, Robyn K.; Warden, Stuart J.; McKinley, Todd; Shekhar, Anantha; Febo, Marcelo; Johnson, Phillip L.; Chang, Lung Ji; Gao, Zhanguo; Kolonin, Mikhail G.; Lai, Song; Ma, Jinfeng; Dong, Xinzhong; White, Fletcher A.; Xie, Huisheng; Yoder, Mervin C.; Grant, Maria B.; Ophthalmology, School of MedicineElectroacupuncture (EA) performed in rats and humans using limb acupuncture sites, LI-4 and LI-11, and GV-14 and GV-20 (humans) and Bai-hui (rats) increased functional connectivity between the anterior hypothalamus and the amygdala and mobilized mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) into the systemic circulation. In human subjects, the source of the MSC was found to be primarily adipose tissue, whereas in rodents the tissue sources were considered more heterogeneous. Pharmacological disinhibition of rat hypothalamus enhanced sympathetic nervous system (SNS) activation and similarly resulted in a release of MSC into the circulation. EA-mediated SNS activation was further supported by browning of white adipose tissue in rats. EA treatment of rats undergoing partial rupture of the Achilles tendon resulted in reduced mechanical hyperalgesia, increased serum interleukin-10 levels and tendon remodeling, effects blocked in propranolol-treated rodents. To distinguish the afferent role of the peripheral nervous system, phosphoinositide-interacting regulator of transient receptor potential channels (Pirt)-GCaMP3 (genetically encoded calcium sensor) mice were treated with EA acupuncture points, ST-36 and LIV-3, and GV-14 and Bai-hui and resulted in a rapid activation of primary sensory neurons. EA activated sensory ganglia and SNS centers to mediate the release of MSC that can enhance tissue repair, increase anti-inflammatory cytokine production and provide pronounced analgesic relief. ItemEMAPII Monoclonal Antibody Ameliorates Influenza A Virus-Induced Lung Injury(Elsevier, 2018-08-01) Lu, Hongyan; Chelvanambi, Sarvesh; Poirier, Christophe; Saliba, Jacob; March, Keith L.; Clauss, Matthias; Bogatcheva, Natalia V.; Surgery, School of MedicineInfluenza A virus (IAV) remains a major worldwide health threat, especially to high-risk populations, including the young and elderly. There is an unmet clinical need for therapy that will protect the lungs from damage caused by lower respiratory infection. Here, we analyzed the role of EMAPII, a stress- and virus-induced pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic factor, in IAV-induced lung injury. First, we demonstrated that IAV induces EMAPII surface translocation, release, and apoptosis in cultured endothelial and epithelial cells. Next, we showed that IAV induces EMAPII surface translocation and release to bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in mouse lungs, concomitant with increases in caspase 3 activity. Injection of monoclonal antibody (mAb) against EMAPII attenuated IAV-induced EMAPII levels, weight loss, reduction of blood oxygenation, lung edema, and increase of the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF alpha. In accordance with the pro-apoptotic properties of EMAPII, levels of caspase 3 activity in BALF were also decreased by mAb treatment. Moreover, we detected EMAPII mAb-induced increase in lung levels of M2-like macrophage markers YM1 and CD206. All together, these data strongly suggest that EMAPII mAb ameliorates IAV-induced lung injury by limiting lung cell apoptosis and shifting the host inflammatory setting toward resolution of inflammation.